EBITDA Coverage Ratio is a solvency ratio that measures a company’s ability to pay off its liabilities related to debts and leases. It compares the company’s earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortization (EBITDA) plus lease payments to the sum of debt payments and lease payments.
EBITDA Coverage Ratio = (EBITDA + Lease payments) / (Interest Payments + Principal Repayments + Lease payments)
Where EBITDA is Earnings Before Interest, Tax, Depreciation, and Amortization. It can be calculated from net income as follows:
EBITDA = Net Income + Tax + Interest + Depreciation + Amortization
Calculate EBITDA coverage ratio and times interest earned ratio for Company ABC using the following information:
|Income tax expense||857,143|
|Principal repayment on debt||2,000,000|
The relevant industry average for EBITDA coverage and TIE is 2 and 3 respectively.
EBITDA = 2,000,000 + 857,143 + 1,000,000 + 1,200,000 + 900,000 = 5,957,143
EBITDA Coverage Ratio = (5,957,143 + 800,000) / (1,000,000 + 2,000,000 + 800,000) = 1.78
EBIT = 2,000,000 + 857,143 + 1,000,000 = 3,857,143
Times Interest Earned = 3,857,143 / 1,000,000 = 3.86
EBITDA coverage ratio of 1.78 means that the company can safely pay off its periodic debt repayment obligations. However, it is below the industry average.
Times interest earned ratio of 3.86 tells that the company has the capacity to pay almost 4 times the current interest expense, and it is better than the industry average.