Delegation refers to the downward transfer of authority from a superior to a subordinate. It is a pre-requisite to the efficient functioning of an organization because it enables a manager to use his time on high priority activities. It also satisfies the subordinate’s need for recognition and provides them with opportunities to develop and exercise initiative.
Delegation helps a manager to extend his area of operations as without it, his activities would be restricted to only what he himself can do. It is the assignment of any responsibility or authority to another person to carry out particular activities, such as starting on right tires during a wet race. It is one of the core concepts of management leadership.
Effective delegation is a critical survival skill for managers and supervisors, and this is what many delegation training resources are about. Example is merely giving directions to someone: telling them what to do. This type of micromanagement leaves you in control, but it is time consuming, redundant, and can easily lead to frustration.