A joint-stock company is a business entity in which different amount of shares of the company stock can be bought and sold by shareholder. That allows for the unequal ownership of a business with some shareholders owning more of a company than others. Shareholders are able to transfer their shares to others without any effects to the continued existence of the company. It has some advantages which are as follows:
- Easy to start and dissolve: A sole proprietorship can be set up easily and quickly. No legal formalities and expenditures are involved in the establishment of a proprietorship. There is no need to associate others or to enter any agreement. Only a license may be needed in special The owner can start business operations as and when he desires. Similarly, a sole proprietorship can be closed down very easily and quickly.
- Motivation to work: The proprietor is all alone entitled for all the profits and the losses of the business. He bears the complete risk and there is nobody to share the risks, workload or any profit or losses. There is direct relationship with efforts and reward. There is an incentive to Work hard. The proprietor is motivated to make the best possible use of his skills and resources to maximize the prof its.
- Quick decisions: The sole proprietor is completely free to take all decisions and to implement the He doesn’t need to consult or seek others approval. Quick decisions and prompt actions are helpful to improve the efficiency of business operations.
- Independent control: The proprietor alone takes all the decisions pertaining to the business. He is not required to consult anybody. Ownership and management are vested in a person. There is no governmental intervention in day to day activities.
- Business secrets: The sole proprietor can keep the secrets to himself and these secrets are not known to competitors or others.
- Personal contact: A sole proprietor is in a position to maintain intimate contacts with his customers and employees. He can enter to the requirements of each and every customer. Close personal touch increases the competitive strength of the business.
- Flexibility: A sole proprietorship is small in size and has a simple management functions. Therefore, it can be adapted easily to suit the changing conditions of the market. The line of business can be easily changed or modified.
- Economy: The management of sole proprietorship is inexpensive. As sole proprietor himself is the manager, the cost of management is very low. Borrowing capacity is high owing to the unlimited personal liability of the owner.
- Social utility: Sole proprietorship provides an opportunity for gainful self-employment for the people with limited money. It offers a way of earning an honorable living for those who do of ant to work under other. It also facilitates equitable distribution of income and wealth.