Selection may be defined as the process of choosing the best one from among the number of candidates. It is the procedure of choosing the most appropriate applicant for the empty place in the organization. There is always an element of prediction in section, making an informed estimate as to which of the various applicants is most suitable for the job being filled.
According to Dale Yoder, “Selection is the process by which candidates for employment are divided into two classes those who will be offered employment and those who will not”. It means a process by which the qualified personnel can be chosen from the applicants who have offered their services to the organization for employment.
According to M. J. Jucious, “The selection procedure is the system of functions and devices adopted in a given company for the purpose of ascertaining whether or not candidates process the qualifications called for by a specific job.”
Based on the complexity of selecting the right candidate the selection process is comprised of several steps:
- Preliminary Interview
- Receiving Applications
- Screening of Applications
- Employment Tests
- Reference Checking
- Medical Examination
- Final Selection