Staffing is referred as both line as well as a staff activity. It is referred as line activity because like other functions such as planning, organizing, directing, controlling, staffing are also performed by every manager. The prime concern of the staffing function in the management process is the timely fulfillment of the manpower requirements within an organization.
The managerial function of staffing involves manning the organization structure through the proper and effective selection, appraisal and development of the personnels to fill the roles assigned to the employers/workforce. As such, it is important to appreciate staffing as a process that starts from understanding the manpower requirements within the organization and identifying the potential sources from where it can be met, either from within the organization or from outside. And, given that ‘the right person’ is scarce, there is a need to ‘market’ the job and the organization to the people.
Staffing processes are:
- Estimating manpower requirements
- Selecting from among the applicants
- Placement and Orientation
- Training and Development