The Covid-19 epidemic has so far infected more than 47.6 million people worldwide and killed more than 319,000 people. To reduce the spread of the disease, many countries imposed lockdown and social exclusion on their citizens, which dramatically changed the habits of billions of people. CO2 levels have dropped dramatically over the past few months as a result of epidemics in the United States, Europe, China and Russia, some of the top emitters of greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.
In a study published in Nature Climate Change, an international team of researchers observed how government policies around the Kovid-1p epidemic changed the use and demand of energy around the world, using a combination of impact and energy, activity in economic fields. , And policy data is available until April to establish the change in emissions over the past four months.
CSIRO researcher and Global Carbon Project Director Dr. Pep Canadell said in a statement, “April emissions have reached a final decline, with a 1 percent decrease compared to the same period last year.” “In light of these figures, daily emissions decreased by an average of 8.6 percent between January and April compared to the same period last year.”
The largest contribution to total emissions change was from a reduction in surface transport at a rate of 43 percent. Countries need less electricity to make up 19 percent of global emissions change; Industry covers one-quarter and aviation (which significantly hits) makes up 10 percent of the emissions difference. Despite the fact that everyone is confined to their own home, the benefits from other sectors have resulted in small and easy cuts in electricity consumption from households.
The data covers 69 countries, 50 United States, and 30 Chinese provinces, representing 85 percent of the world’s population and 97 percent of the world’s CO2 emissions. In April, global emissions fell by 17 percent compared to last year, with the United States, India, and China likely to be locked in at the same time. On average, daily emissions to the country have dropped by 26 percent. The findings published in the light of tackling climate change cannot be achieved solely on personal responsibility, and in order to bring about the necessary changes, it has been found that governments must be partners in bringing about meaningful change in their very infrastructures.
“The extent to which world leaders consider climate change after planning their economic responses to the COVID-19 post will have an impact on global CO2 emissions over the next few decades,” said Professor Corinne Le Curie, lead author at the University of East Anglia.” “Implementing economic stimulus packages that help achieve climate targets, especially for mobility, which is responsible for halving emissions during incarceration,” has the potential to be real, sustainable, change, and more resilient to future crises. “
Investment in green transport systems and energy production is needed to permanently reduce global emissions. Even with this year’s unexpected crisis, researchers believe that we are unlikely to achieve the Paris Agreement targets to keep global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.6 degrees Fahrenheit). To put it bluntly, the United Nations says we need to reduce emissions annually by 7.6 percent over the next decade. The team estimated that if all lockdown restrictions were lifted in mid-June, the annual emissions decline would probably be closer to four percent, but by the end of the year, we could be looking at percent with some restrictions.