Ancient Greek medicine was a set of theories and practices that were regularly expanded by new ideas and experiments. Many elements were considered in ancient Greek medicine in combination with the physical. Ancient Greek physicians took the practice of medicine to new heights, establishing their first medical school in 700 BC. Based on the assumption that health was linked to natural causes, the people of ancient Greece received various treatment ideas from experts who explored the connection between all parts of the body. Especially the ancient Greeks believed that health was affected by humor, geographical location, social class, diet, trauma, faith, and mentality. This is the Greek philosopher physician Hippocrates B.C.E. Was first coded and systematic by and subsequently developed and expanded by other physicians such as Galen, Dioscorides, and Avicenna. As theories were tested against such signs and consequences, trials continued, the purely spiritual beliefs concerning “punishment” and “gifts” were replaced with a basis on the basis of physical meaning, cause, and effect.
Ancient Greek medical practitioners believed that physical problems could be supported with evidence, so when they came to treat a patient, they used to examine the patient’s body as well as take a history of treatment. In the first few students hospitalized, the trained physicians examined the progress of the person’s physical fluids and symptoms. The joke refers to blood, agony, yellow bile and black bile. It was also theorized that gender played a role in medicine because some diseases and treatments were different in women than men. Accordingly, geographical location and social class affect people’s lives and various environmental problems such as mosquitoes, rats and clean drinking water may be available. Physicians in ancient Greece began experimenting systematically by prescribing certain drugs for illness rather than searching for supernatural causes. They also believed in some dietary benefits and they promoted healthy and clean drinking water to improve health and quality of life. Furthermore, theories of diagnosis and treatment had a significant focus on patient beliefs and mentality. It was recognized that the mind played a role in healing, or it could also be the sole basis for illness.
Greek medicine is the traditional medical system from which modern medicine was developed. Hippocrates, known as the “Father of Modern Medicine,” founded a medical school in Kos and is one of the most important figures in ancient Greek medicine. The overall intention of Greek medicine and traditional universal healing knowledge was gradually abandoned in favor of the over-analytical reductionist method of modern science. The contributions of ancient Greek medicine to Hippocrates, Socrates, and others had a lasting impact on Islamic medicine and medieval European medicine until their studies were largely obsolete in the 14th century.
Alexandria, the Greek city of Egypt, is famous for its knowledge of many ancient worlds in the ancient library, where scrolls and scholarships were on all subjects of the study and investigation. Despite their well-known respect for Egyptian medicine, this early attempt to identify a particular effect in Greek practice has not been dramatically successful due to the lack of formulas and the challenge of understanding the terminology of ancient medicine. Alexandrian physician Ersistratus was also able to update biology when he received permission to alienate the survivors convicted of the death penalty. Before the person died, Ersistratus monitored the organs working on their tasks and monitored the diagram and thorough. It is clear, however, that the Greeks imported Egyptian substances into their pharmacopeia, and the effect became more pronounced after the establishment of a school of Greek medicine in Alexandria.