If we can survive on another planet, we need to come up with effective and sustainable ways of not dying. This means the increase in food, the presence of water and oxygen, and all the other things we have on earth that prevent us from becoming bodies. Lacking to transform an entire planet, we have created our own artificial biosphere for space humans to live on – their own oxygen, plants and ecosystems bound with everything we need to sustain our lives. Its ambitious trials have taken place with the infamous Biosphere 2 on Earth.
At a cost of- $150-200 million, Biosphere 2 (Biosphere 1 Earth by the way, if you will) is a research center in the desert that for a time – could be a closed ecosystem and recover many aspects of the Earth itself. Inside the 2.75-acre complex, 3,600 species of plants and animals enclosed in steel and glass like domes from the Simpsons movie enclosed with eight people (four females and four males) who would rely on growing food and promoted to oxygen to survive. The project was supposed to run for two years, but the problem hit from the beginning.
For two weeks on the mission, Jane Pointer, one of the occupants, grabbed the rice in her hand, losing the tip of one of her fingers. The resident physician was able to reattach it, but soon decided he needed surgery outside the dome. When he returned later that day, supplies began to arrive with him, which was no secret stock that would drowned by “Biospherians” alone.
The foods inside the sphere did not grow fast enough to sustain the inhabitants and they all began to lose weight. Crops grew very slowly and were labor-intensive. In coffee shrubs, for example, Biospherians took weeks to take enough time for a cup to sit down with the “we have no other food” problem. Within months they forced to deliver emergency food that, the outside world was unaware. Pollinators – Hummingbirds and bees died and exacerbated problems in their farming. Ten months after the project, the advisory board issued a detrimental report of the situation, as well as the crewmembers involved lacking scientific expertise. After the advisory board leaves everything, it is not a great sign that things are going great.
Worse still, the level of oxygen in the animal kingdom began to decline, and no one really understood why. In January 1993, with nine months to go before the test, oxygen levels dropped to about 15 percent – the equivalent of surviving 12,000 feet (3660 meters) on a hill.
“It felt like climbing a mountain,” one participant told the Guardian. “Some crew started having trouble sleeping. I noticed I could not finish the long sentence without breathing air. We have worked on a kind of slow dance no energy is wasted. If the oxygen level goes down, it can lead to serious health problems.