Types of Motivation
Organizational Behavior

Types of Motivation

Types of motivation: Based on incentives motivation can be classified into two categories. There are:- Financial motivation: Employee can be motivated financial by offering the…
Reinforcement Theory
Organizational Behavior

Reinforcement Theory

Reinforcement theory of motivation was proposed by BF Skinner and his associates. It states that individual’s behavior is a function of its consequences. It is…
Expectancy Theory
Organizational Behavior

Expectancy Theory

In 1964, Victor H. Vroom developed the Expectancy theory through his study of the motivations behind decision making. Expectancy theory argues that the strength of…
Self-Efficacy Theory
Organizational Behavior

Self-Efficacy Theory

Albert Bandura’s theory of self-efficacy has important implications with regard to motivation. Bandura’s basic principle is that ‘people are likely to engage in activities to…
ERG Theory
Organizational Behavior

ERG Theory

Clayton Alderfer reworked Maslow’s need hierarchy to align it with the empirical research. His revised need hierarchy is labeled ERG Theory. Alderfer argues that there…
Two-Factor Theory
Organizational Behavior

Two-Factor Theory

Two-Factor Theory is sometimes also called motivation-hygiene theory. Proposed by psychologist Frederick Herzberg when he investigated the question, “What do people want from their jobs?”…
What is Attribution Theory?
Organizational Behavior

What is Attribution Theory?

“Attribution theory deals with how the social perceiver uses the information to arrive at causal explanations for events. It examines what information is gathered and…
What is variable pay program?
Organizational Behavior

What is variable pay program?

Variable pay is employee compensation that changes as compared to the salary which is paid in equal proportions throughout the year. Variable pay is used…
Explain the ingredients of MBO
Organizational Behavior

Explain the ingredients of MBO

Four ingredients are common to MBO programs: ¬†Goal specificity. Participative decision making, An explicit time period, and Performance feedback. The objectives in MBO should be…
What is MBO?
Organizational Behavior

What is MBO?

The concept of “Management By Objectives’ (MBO) was first given by Peter Drucker in 1954 (The Practice of Management). It can be defined as a…
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