Alkenes are organic compounds that consist of carbon and hydrogen atoms with one or more carbon-carbon double bonds in their chemical structure. Alkenes are unsaturated hydrocarbons.
Alkene is used:
(i) For the manufacture of ethyl alcohol.
(ii) For the production of oxy-acetylene flame.
(iii) To ripen fruits by artificial method.
(iv) For the manufacture of ethylene dichloride solvent, ethylene oxide, mustard gas (poisonous substance), formaldehyde, teflon, polythene etc.
(v) Now-a-days, ethylene is used as an anesthetic instead of ether.
Propene is used:
- Polypropylene is used in plastic industry which is a polymer of propylene.
- For the preparation of acetone and alkyle chloride from isopropyl alcohol.