History of Armenia

History of Armenia

Armenian History as well as the Armenian people, Armenian language and territories, historically and geographically included regions considered Armenian, in relation to Armenian history. Armenia, the country of Transcaucasia, is located just south of the magnificent mountains of the Caucasus and borders the northwestern part of Asia. Armenians are an ethnic group living in the Armenian Highlands of West Asia. To the north and east, Armenia is bounded by Georgia and Azerbaijan, its neighbors to the southeast and west are Iran and Turkey, respectively. One of the stimuli of Azerbaijan is on the Armenia border southwest of Nixon. The capital is Yerevan (Iran). The name Armenia was given to this country by the surrounding states, and it comes from Armenac or Aram (the grandson of Haik’s grandson and another leader who is the ancestor of all Armenians according to the Armenian tradition). The thirty thousand square kilometers that are now occupied by the Republic of Armenia are huge historical  Armenia has less than one-tenth of its population, whose history is a separate chapter in history and culture.

The beginning of Armenian civilization dates back to 5,000 years. Armenia is in the highlands surrounded by the Biblical Mountains of Ararat. In the Bronze Age, the Hittite Empire (at the height of its power), Mitanni (historical southwest Armenia) and several states, including Hayasa-Azzi (1600-1200 BC), developed in the region of Greater Armenia. Immediately after the conquest of Haisa, Azeri was the Nyeri (1400-1000 BC) and the Ararat Kingdom (1000-600 BC), who subsequently established their sovereignty in the Armenian Highlands. These tribes formed the Nari Aboriginal Union, which existed until the end of the 13th century BC. Hayek, the legendary ancestor of the Armenians, famous for fighting the Babylonian ruler Bell, was probably one of the leaders of the Haisa tribe. The words ‘nairi’ and ‘nirian’ are still used by Armenians as poetic synonyms of the words ‘Armenia’ and ‘Armenian’. Each of the above mentioned castes and tribes participated in the ethnic part of the Armenian population. Although populated by most Armenians, Uertu was ruled by an Armenian and non-Indo-European dynasty (at least in the first century). In 782 BC, the Ugartian king Orgishti first established the fortified city of Erbenb ।y, the capital of Yerevan, today’s Armenian capital.

The Iron Kingdom of Ararat was replaced by the Orotid dynasty. Under the Yarvanduni dynasty, Armenia soon became a therapy for the powerful Achaemenid Persia and later as part of the Seleucid Empire. It restored its full independence in 190 BC, under King Artaxerxes I, the founder of the Artaxean dynasty (Artaxias). In 301, Arsacid Armenia was the first sovereign country that accepted Christianity as a state religion. The Armenians later fell under Byzantine, Persian, and Islamic domination, but regained their independence with the Bagratuni dynasty in Armenia. Twelve years after Armenia officially became a Christian, Christianity was legalized in the Roman Empire. After the fall of the kingdom in 1045 and the subsequent Seljuk conquest of Armenia in 1064, the Armenians established a kingdom in Silesia, where they extended their sovereignty to 1375.

The situation in Nagorno-Karabakh, a sprawling 1,700 square miles (4,400 sq km) locally administered by Armenians since 1988, has been the source of bitter conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan. As a result, 1.5 million Armenians were killed and large numbers spread through Syria and Lebanon around the world. Armenia gained independence in 1918, with the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Armenia, and in 1991 with the Republic of Armenia.