Lithium Bicarbonate

Lithium Bicarbonate

Lithium bicarbonate, also known as lithium hydrogen carbonate, is a chemical compound with the molecular formula LiHCO3. It is an alkaline substance that is produced by combining lithium carbonate with carbon dioxide and water. It is a white crystalline solid that is soluble in water, with a slightly alkaline taste. It is a white crystalline solid that is soluble in water. It is a salt that contains the lithium cation (Li+) and the bicarbonate anion (HCO3-).

It is commonly used in the pharmaceutical industry as a source of lithium, which is a mood stabilizer and is used in the treatment of bipolar disorder.


  • Appearance: It is a white solid that is odorless and has a slightly alkaline taste.
  • Solubility: It is soluble in water and forms a slightly alkaline solution.
  • Molecular weight: The molecular weight is 90.91 g/mol.
  • Melting and boiling points: The melting point is around 300 °C, and it decomposes before reaching a boiling point.
  • pH: It is slightly alkaline with a pH of around 8.3.
  • Stability: It is a stable compound and does not react with the most common chemicals.

Overall, lithium bicarbonate is an important compound in the pharmaceutical industry and has many useful properties, but it must be handled with care due to its potential health effects.


Lithium bicarbonate has a number of potential applications, including as a medication for bipolar disorder, a condition in which patients experience alternating periods of depression and mania. Lithium bicarbonate is believed to work by altering the levels of certain chemicals in the brain, such as serotonin and norepinephrine.

Lithium bicarbonate is used in the production of specialty glasses and ceramics, and as a reagent in chemical synthesis. However, it is not commonly found in nature and must be synthesized from other lithium salts.


However, it should be noted that lithium bicarbonate can be toxic in large doses, and can cause a number of side effects, including tremors, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and kidney damage. It is important to only take lithium bicarbonate under the guidance of a qualified healthcare provider. It can be toxic in large doses and may cause side effects such as tremors, dizziness, and confusion.