Management is the process of designing and maintaining an environment in which individuals, working together in groups, complete efficiently selected aims. Managers are charged with the responsibility of taking actions that will make it possible for individuals to make their best offerings to group objectives.
A manager needs to manage a people doing their tasks and skills and lead their individual vision and control.
Every Manager/Management has followed those functions:
- Planning = Predetermining a course of action for accomplishing organizational objectives.
- Organizing = Arranging the relationships among work units for the accomplishment of objectives and the granting of responsibility and authority to obtain those objectives.
- Staffing = Selecting and training people for positions in the organization
- Leading = Creating an atmosphere that will assist and motivate people to achieve desired end results.
- Controlling= Establishing, measuring, and evaluating the performance of activities toward planned objectives.
Leadership is a misleading term as it can visible itself at every level of an organization. Leadership has been described the “process of social influence in which one person can join the help and support of others in the success of a common task”.
A leader is a person who influences a group of people towards a specific result. It is not independent of the title or formal authority. Leaders are familiar with their capacity for helpful, others, clear communication and promise to maintain the company’s vision. “Good managers to be good leaders, but good leaders are not always good managers”.
In this case, the differences between Manager and Leader are followed-
- Managers administer; leaders innovate.
- Managers maintain; leaders develop.
- Managers vision the destination; leaders vision how to get there.
- Manager’s focus on systems; leaders focus on people.
- Managers rely on control; leaders inspire trust.
- Managers do things right; leaders do the right things.
- Managers ask how and when; leaders ask what and why.
- Managers have short-term perspective; leaders have the long-term perspective.
- Managers accept the status-quo; leaders challenge the status-quo.
- Managers have an eye on the bottom line; leaders have an eye on the horizon.
- Managers imitate; leaders originate.
- Managers emulate the classic good soldier., leaders are their own person.
- Managers copy; leaders show originality.