Visiting a Place of Historical Interest – Shat Gambuj Mosque
Travelling usually gives us delight. It also enriches our knowledge and broadens our outlook. When a visit is paid to a particularly important place with a view to gaining knowledge, it becomes more effective for learning.
The Shat Gambuj mosque (Sixty Dome Mosque) is one of the most important places in Bangladesh. It is a very beautiful and historic mosque situated in Bagerhat. It is now a part of world heritage. It has been declared as the world heritage by UNESCO. It was founded by the Turkish general, a saint warrior Ulugh Khan Jahan in the 15th century. Last March I had an opportunity to visit the place with my other three friends.
At first, we visited the major of Khan Jahan Ali. It stands on a raised ground. The tomb is made of cut-out stone. Nobody can say where these stones are brought from. People of this locality have a strong belief that these stones were brought from Chittagong by floating on water. It is true that these stones are not available in this area. On the tombs, there are inscriptions in Arabic.
There is a vast tank in front of the Mazar which looks like a lake. There are some crocodiles in the tank. People believe that if they appease the hunger of the crocodiles with hens, cocks, and goats, they will have the desire of their heart fulfilled. Whenever anybody makes such an offering, the caretaker of the Mazar calls out the crocodiles shouting, ‘Kala Pahar, Dhala Pahar, come!’ Within a few minutes, the crocodiles make their appearance and swallow the objects offered. We stayed there for nearly one hour and then left for Shat Gambuj mosque. This is about one and a half-mile away from the Mazar.
The infrastructure of the mosque reveals significant technical skills of early Islamic monuments. The Shat Gambuj mosque stands on sixty stone-pillars with its seventy-seven gambuj or domes and not Shat or sixty gambuj as the name indicates. Some say that it was used by Khan Jahan All as a mosque. Others are of the opinion that it was used as a darbar by the then Mughal Governor of that place. But it is more associated with the name of Hazrat Khan Jahan Ali than with the name of the Governor. But it is undoubtedly a historical mosque. Its architectural design has a special attraction for the tourists.
The Ghoradigi is another tank that was built by the side of the Shat Gambuj. Its length is more than double its breadth. It is said that before digging the tank, a horse was made to run. Covering a certain distance, the horse stood still. That distance was accepted as the length of the tank or dighi. This dighi has also some crocodiles.
We spent some hours visiting a historical place. We could learn many things about Khan Jahan Ali and the historical importance of this area. The planning of the mosque is distinctly dominated by Islamic architecture and the decorations are a combination of Mughal and Turkish architecture.
Khan Jahan Ali was a great preacher of Islam. He tried his best to make the area of Bagerhat a habitable land. He built mosques, dug tanks, and made roads. He could amass vast wealth for his own luxury but he did not do so. He was a monarch without a crown. He loved the people. I came to know about the glorious history of our past and returned with a sense of satisfaction. Today, it is one of the greatest tourist attractions and one of the best architectural beauties of Bangladesh.