A corporation is a legal entity created for the purpose of profit by individuals, stockholders, or shareholders. Corporations enjoy most of the rights and responsibilities of individual rights: they can enter into contracts, borrow and borrow money, sue and sue, hire employees, take their own assets, and pay taxes. Some refer to it as a “legal person”. Corporations are responsible for the actions and finances of the business – not the shareholders. Corporations can be profitable, as is business or not profitable, as charities are usually. Initially, the included bodies were established by charter (i.e. by an ad hoc law issued by a king or passed by parliament or legislature). Most jurisdictions now allow the creation of new corporations through articles.

Its exact legal position differs somewhat from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, the most important aspect of a corporation being a limited liability. This means that shareholders can share in the profits through dividends and stock appreciation but are not personally liable for the company’s debts. Corporations come in a variety of forms but are usually divided by the jurisdiction where they are chartered on two fronts: whether they can issue stock, or whether they were formed to make a profit. Or the profit entity constitutes the majority of the corporation, and according to the percentage of ownership of the corporation, they are formed to make revenue and to give a return to their shareholders. Sub-Chapter C corporations, which are large corporations owned by multiple shareholders, which may be other businesses, and Sub-Chapter S corporations, which are often (but not always) small businesses owned by individual shareholders.

Where local law distinguishes corporations by the power to issue stock, corporations are referred to as authorized stock corporations; The ownership of the corporation is through stock, and the owners of the stock are identified as stockholders or shareholders. An important element of a corporation is limited liability, which means that shareholders can share in the profits through dividends and stock appreciation but not personally liable for the company’s debts. The form of the modern business corporation originated in a mixture of commercial entities known as joint-share entities, it was actually a partnership, and the traditional theological legal form of the corporation that developed for medieval guilds, municipalities, monasteries, and universities. The Board of Directors consists of one person who is elected to represent the shareholders. They were given the responsibility of making decisions on major issues affecting the shareholders and they also formulated policies for the management and day-to-day operations of the corporation. Nonprofit corporations always have some overlap between non-stock as stock / non-stock and profit for non-profit. To simplify the explanation, whenever “shareholder” or “shareholder” is used in the rest of this article to refer to this stock corporation, it is understood to be the same as a non-profit corporation or “member” for a profit, a non-stock corporation.

The political importance of contemporary social, economic, and in many cases business corporations is without debate. Millions of corporations around the world dominate the manufacturing, energy, and service-industries sectors of the most developed and many developing countries. The liquefaction process can be voluntary or voluntary. If it is unintentional, the creditors of an insolvent corporation usually trigger it and the corporation goes bankrupt. The elected members of the Board of Directors have a duty to take care of the shareholders and they must act in the best interests of the shareholders and the corporation.