Organizational Behavior

What is Group Behavior?

“Group Behavior” refers to the ways people behave in large or small group situations. People join groups for a multitude of reasons, most frequently because membership satisfies a need of the individual. Group membership can provide companionship, survival and security, affiliation status, power and control, and achievement. There is currently no universal description of what constitutes a group, though research has identified a few common requirements that contribute to the recognition of a group:

  • Interdependence:

Individual members must depend, to some degree, on the output of the collective members.

  • Social interaction:

Accomplishing a goal requires some form of verbal or nonverbal communication among members.

  • Perception of a group:

All members of the collective must agree they are part of the group.

  • The commonality of purpose:

All members of the collective come together to attain a common goal.

  • Favoritism:

Members of the same group tend to be positively prejudiced toward other members and discriminate in their favor.