Metallica is an American heavy metal band. Along with Slayer and Anthrax, the subgenre speed metal was developed in the early and mid-1980s. The band was formed in 1981 by guitarist James Hatfield and drummer Lars Ulrich in Los Angeles and was based in San Francisco for most of its career. The band’s fast tempos, instrumentation and aggressive musicianship made them one of the “big four” bands of thrash metal, along with Megadeth, Anthrax, and Slayer. The main members were a lead musician and rhythm guitarist James Hatfield (b. August 3, 1963, Downey, California, U.S.), drummer Lars Ulrich (b. December 26, 1963, Gentofte, Denmark), lead guitarist Kirk Hammett (b. November). 18, 1962, San Francisco, California) and bassist Cliff Burton (b. February 10, 1962, San Francisco. D. September 27, 1986, near Stockholm, Sweden). Guitarists Dave Mustaine (who formed Megadeth after being fired from the band) and Ron McGovern, Cliff Burton (who died in a bus accident in Sweden in 1986) and Jason Newstead are former members of the band.

Metal music is generally categorized as heavy metal, although their unique brand of hardcore speed metal was released as one of the best and most influential hard rock bands of the 1980s and 1990s. The band’s third album, Master of Puppets (1986), was described as one of the heaviest and most influential thrash metal albums. Its fifth name, Metallica (1991), the band that cut roots in heavy metal, appealed to mainstream audiences, garnered significant commercial success and has sold more than 1 million copies in the United States so far, making it the best selling Sound Scan era album. It was probably an attempt to recapture the revolutionary sound of their early years that inspired the metal band to be listed on the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra Group’s next project, S&M (1999). Since that time, Metallic has begun touring seamlessly and has released an additional seven albums. Although they have experimented with a variety of musical genres, refining their music and constantly redefining it, they remain one of the critically acclaimed heavy metal bands in the world.

In January 2001, the Newsgroup left and left Metallica again with no bassist. The work on a new album was delayed when the band replaced Newsday and Hetfield entered into an intoxicating treatment. Metallica acclaimed 2004 documentary film Metallica: Some Kind of Monk, which documented the band’s troubled production of the eighth album St Anger (2003) and the internal battle between the bands of that time. In 2009, Metallica was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Their next album, Lulu (2011) was a collaboration with Law Read, and in 2012 Metallica launched its own recording label, BlackNed, on which they released two more albums: Never [Music from Motion Pictures] (2013) and via Hardwired… self- Destruction (2016).

This style is more aggressive and lighter than its comparative, motion metal, more widely accepted sound and in part in response to the themes of glam metal. Glam metal bands were also known as “hair bands” because they make their hair especially large. Magazines like Metallica Rolling Stone have been listed as one of the best artists of all time, ranking them number 61 on the list of the 100 best artists of all time. From 1991, Nielsen SoundScan began tracking sales, selling a total of 58 million albums in the United States, in 2017, Metallica is the third highest-selling music artist.