What is Mitosis and Where does it Occur?

Mitosis is a kind of somatic cell division in which the mother nucleus (n or 2n) divides into two daughter nuclei passing through a series of complicated changes and each newly formed daughter nucleus bears the same number of chromosomes and unchanged properties as its mother cell.

Strictly speaking cell division refers to the division of nucleus alone.

Mitosis takes place in the somatic cells of plants, such as-

  1. At the tip of branches
  2. At the tip of growth region of root
  3. To the surrounding area of dicot plant for growth of circumference,
  4. To recover the injured places

Mitosis is a continuous process for the convenience of description, it is divided into following five phases

  • Interphase
  • Prophase
  • Metaphase
  • Anaphase
  • Telophase.