Cell division: Cell division is a process by which a cell divides to produce more than one cell. It is s the process by which a parent cell divides into two or more daughter cells. That means the division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same genetic material.
Types: Cell division is of two types, such as;
- Direct division
- Indirect division.
Direct division: In this process a cell divides directly producing two daughter cells without following any intermediate stages like mitosis or meiosis. It is also called amitosis. This is followed by centripetal constriction of cytoplasm to form two daughter cells.
Example- This cell division is seen in the lower types of plants, such as Bacteria, Yeast etc.
Indirect division: In this process a cells divides to form two daughter cells following some intermediate stages.
Indirect division is of two types-
Mitosis is a fundamental process for life. During mitosis, a cell duplicates all of its contents, including its chromosomes, and splits to form two identical daughter cells. The other type of cell division, meiosis, ensures that humans have the same number of chromosomes in each generation.