Describe Characteristics and Equational Division of Mitosis

Characteristics of mitosis:

i. Each chromosome divides vertically into two daughter chromosomes (chromatids). Each of the two newly formed daughter chromosomes reaches to opposite poles producing two daughter nuclei. So chromosomal number remains same in each of the two daughter nuclei.

ii. The daughter cells have the same properties of their mother cells.

iii. Chromosomal number for both daughter cells and mother cell remain equal.

iv. The daughter cell grows to become more or less similar in volume.


Mitosis means equational division, because

i) The chromosomal number and properties of the two daughter cells newly formed from one cell remain similar to their mother cell

ii) Each of the daughter cells again di% ide and gise rise to two daughter cells. In this case, the daughter cell also hears same characteristics of its mother cell.

iii) As mitosis occurs in somatic cells. It goes on repeatedly up to the full development of the organism without am change of characteristics of the mother cell.

On the basis of the characteristics mentioned abscise mitosis is also called equational division.