Video conferencing is one kind of teleconferencing. It is one of the latest developments in the field of electronic communication. Video conferencing is the face-to-face communication among individuals or group of people with the help of electronic devices. It enables live communication between the participants who are located at different corners of the world.
Each participant of video conferencing has to enter into a separate television studio equipped with cameras, microphones, and monitors. In video conference, the participants not only hear but also see each other. This is an expensive mode of communication.
According to Bartol and Martin, “Video teleconferencing is the holding of meetings with individuals in two or more locations by means of close-circuit television.”
In the opinion of Robert Kreitner, “A video conference is a live television exchange between people in different locations.”
According to Quible and others, “A communication process that allows conference participants to see one another’s images on television monitors as they communicate is called video conferencing.”
Boone and others defined, “Video conferences are electronic meetings that allow participants in scattered geographical locations to see and hear one another on television monitors by way of images transmitted over telephone lines.”
From the above discussion, we can conclude that video conferencing is a discussion where the participants communicate with each other from different locations with the help of video camera and monitor like face-to-face communication, video conferencing allows to hear and see the participants simultaneously.