Physical properties of benzenediazonium chloride:
- Colorless, crystalline solid
- Readily soluble in water and becomes ionized in solution. It is almost insoluble in alcohol and ether.
- In dry state, it is highly explosive due to heat and pressure.
- Aqueous solution turns into brown color on exposure to air.
- It exists as a colorless solid that is soluble in polar solvents including water. It is the parent member of the aryldiazonium compounds, which are widely used in organic chemistry.
- It is readily soluble in water and is stable in solution oat low temperature. It reacts with water on warming to form phenol.