Metaphysics is the most abstract branch of philosophy. It is a branch of metaphysical philosophy that examines the fundamental nature of reality, including the relation between matter and reality, between matter and substance, and between probability and reality. Examples of metaphorical concepts are existence, purpose, universal, property, relationship, effectiveness, space, time, event, and more. These are basic because all other ideas and beliefs depend on them. In post-medieval philosophy, however, many more topics were included in the title “Metaphysics.” Ancient and medieval philosophers may have said that science, like chemistry or astrology, was defined by its subject matter: Scientific was “science” which studied “as it were” or “the first cause of things” or “things that do not change”.
Of course, it would be easy to think that metallurgy has changed since Aristotle’s editors took the first name a century ago unless it was real. The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle wrote several books, together known as physics. In essence, the Greek word “metaphor” (literally “after physics”) simply indicates that the part of Aristotle’s overcame about, in the hierarchy of those parts, after those chapters related to physics. Subsequently, it was misinterpreted by medieval commentators in classical texts that were above or beyond the physical, and therefore over time, it has effectively become a study that transcends metaphysics. It has been suggested that the term was probably coined by a first-century editor who introduced various small selections of Aristotle’s works into what is now known as metaphysics (meta-fascia, ‘after physics, another work of Aristotle’s). However, this term is unlikely to have a ready acceptance as it implies the whole field of knowledge, because it expresses the purpose of metaphysics that we understand nature to reach beyond (physics) and discover the truth ‘of nature’ things, their ultimate essence and cause. This is nothing more than the way we understand ‘meta’ in the twenty-first century. Thus, Aristotle scholars called those books “it metaphysical” which means “after physics (books)”. And it’s important to understand our place in it.
Metaphysics has been attacked at various times throughout history, as meaningless and overly obscure, especially by David Hume, Emanuel Cant, and A.J. Ayer. Metaphysics studies the questions of what may and may not exist. Thus, the only way to give useful details about the nature and scope of metaphysics as this term is now understood is to provide a survey of a series of philosophical problems that are inherently related to modern metaphysics, followed by that survey. It may be more useful than a metaphorical statement usually implies an idea about the world or the universe that may seem plausible, but in the end, it is neither experimental nor experimental or empirical.